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davidtrump

ACUTE LOWER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS CONDITIONS

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Acute lower respiratory infections include pneumonia (infection of the lung alveoli), as well as infections affecting the airways such as acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis, influenza and whooping cough. They are a leading cause of illness and death in children and adults across the world. The importance of lower respiratory infections may be underestimated.

The main infections include:

ACUTE BRONCHITIS AND BRONCHIOLITIS

Acute bronchitis is a short-term infection of the airways affecting between 30-50 people in every 1,000 per year.

Bronchiolitis is an infection of the lower airways affecting babies and infants under 2 years of age. It is the most common cause of admission to hospital for babies under the age of 1 year.

INFLUENZA

Influenza occurs in annual epidemics and occasionally pandemics, where the outbreak covers an even larger geographical area. The most serious forms of this infection are seen in people over the age of 65 years, children under the age of 2 years and people of any age with certain existing medical conditions. There are several underlying conditions that could increase the risk of hospitalisation from influenza. These include diabetes and heart, lung and neurological diseases, including asthma. 

PNEUMONIA

Pneumonia is an infection of the lung, the most frequent cause of death due to infection in Europe and the USA. It causes symptoms for 3-4 weeks and is more common in very young children and elderly adults. There are three types of pneumonia:

  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), which is contracted from coming into contact with the infection in daily life
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia, which is contracted after a period of time in hospital
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), which is acquired after a procedure called endotracheal intubation, when a tube is inserted into the trachea to help a person breathe

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