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davidtrump

ACUTE LOWER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS TREATMENT

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One way to treat in an infection is through drugs known as antibiotics. Antibiotics should only be prescribed when necessary or antibiotic resistance can develop.

Antibiotic resistance is when bacteria is regularly exposed to the same drug over time and will eventually mutate and develop resistance to this drug. Using antibiotics to treat mild illnesses unnecessarily speeds up the problem of antibiotic resistance, than if the drugs were only used in severe cases.

ACUTE BRONCHITIS AND BRONCHIOLITIS

People who suspect they have bronchitis do not need to visit a doctor for a diagnosis, unless they have severe or persistent symptoms. Most cases of acute bronchitis do not require drugs to treat the condition and the symptoms can be managed at home by getting rest and drinking fluids. Antibiotics have no effect on viruses so are not prescribed to treat acute bronchitis.

Bronchiolitis is diagnosed by monitoring the symptoms and analysing a child’s breathing. Babies infected with the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) usually require supportive care but no medication. In extremely severe cases, they are given antiviral drugs.

INFLUENZA

People who are fit and healthy do not need to visit a doctor to diagnose flu. It is usually possible to treat the symptoms of influenza at home with rest and drinking plenty of water. Antiviral drugs are also used to treat influenza in people who are at risk of other complications. A doctor will diagnose flu based on symptoms and medical history if a person is at risk.

PNEUMONIA

 An x-ray can be used to check for pneumonia and is likely to show shadowing on the lungs if the infection is present. Antibiotics are used to treat pneumonia and different approaches should be used according to the risk of the person and severity of the illness.

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