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Everything posted by frankzappa

  1. United Kingdom The nature of devolution in the United Kingdom meant that each of the four countries of the UK had its own response to COVID-19 with different rules and restrictions at different times and the UK government, on behalf of England, moving more quickly to lift restrictions. Prior to 18 March 2020, the UK government did not impose any form of social distancing or mass quarantine measures and was criticised for a perceived lack of intensity in its response to concerns faced by the public. On 16 March, Prime Minister Boris Johnson advised against non-essential travel and social cont
  2. United States On 20 January 2020, the first known case of COVID-19 was confirmed in the Pacific Northwest state of Washington in a man who returned from Wuhan on 15 January. On 31 January, the Trump administration declared a public health emergency. On 28 January, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced they had developed their own testing kit. The United States had a slow start in testing, which obscured the extent of the outbreak, marred by defective tests produced by the government in February, lack of federal approval for non-government kits, and restrictive criter
  3. Going to your dentist's office Getting your teeth worked on can be risky, according to California's warning system. Some chemicals on the state's list are used in common dental procedures. "These include sedation with nitrous oxide; some root canals, crown placements or removals, dental bridge placements; tooth restorations with fillings that contain mercury; and the use of some dental appliances," California's warning says. Having a bite to eat in a restaurant Going out to eat is not a cancer-risk-free activity either, according to California. Any place that serves fries, a
  4. Being on your phone Phones aren't chemicals, so they're not on the official Prop 65 list, but the California Department of Health still warns that the radio frequency energy they emit might cause cancer. Scientific studies haven't demonstrated that cellphone radiation levels are anything to worry about in humans, though researchers have noticed some worrisome tumor growth and heart-tissue damage in rats who were exposed to cellphone radio frequency radiation, Science Friday recently reported, though the scientists weren't able to replicate the effects in mice. California residents
  5. Parking your car in an indoor, enclosed parking deck A concrete parking lot is not the best place for a casual, cancer-risk-free hang. "Breathing the air in this parking garage can expose you to chemicals including carbon monoxide and gasoline or diesel engine exhaust," California says on its parking-lot warning. "Do not stay in this area longer than necessary." The state insists that phrase is printed on signs in indoor parking decks or just about anywhere that people park inside. The International Agency for Research on Cancer agrees with California on this one. Diesel oil h
  6. In California, it seems you're never far from a reminder about cancer. You can't park a car indoors in the Golden State without seeing a warning about the ways your cancer risk might spike. Earlier this year, a California judge ordered that all coffee sellers in the state must post warnings about the potentially cancer-causing effects of a chemical in coffee called acrylamide. But the ruling is being challenged by the state's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment because there's no solid scientific evidence that coffee can cause cancer. Acrylamide occurs naturally in
  7. There is no universal healthcare. The U.S. government does not provide health benefits to citizens or visitors. Any time you get medical care, someone has to pay for it. Healthcare is very expensive. According to a U.S. government website, if you break your leg, you could end up with a bill for $7,500. If you need to stay in the hospital for three days, it would probably cost about $30,000. Most people in the U.S. have health insurance. Health insurance protects you from owing a lot of money to doctors or hospitals if you get sick or hurt. To get health insurance, you need to make re
  8. You can’t put a price on a beautiful smile. But you do want a comprehensive dental insurance plan at a reasonable rate. You can find a dental insurance plan individually or perhaps through your employer’s insurance coverage plan (some employers pay for all or part of their employees' dental coverage as part of their benefits package). When making your choice, it's important to consider your specific needs. Maybe you have kids that need coverage, or you’re trying to maximize the number of discounts you can get. Perhaps you’re a frequent traveler that would benefit from a large network of dentis
  9. Understanding Government Health Programs: Medicare and Medicaid In 1965, an amendment to the Social Security Act established Medicare and Medicaid. Medicare and Medicaid are both government-run programs. Medicare and Medicaid have similar names, so people often get confused about what each program covers. In some cases, people may be eligible to be covered by both programs. You also have options in coverage, which makes understanding these two programs even more confusing, but understanding the differences and how these two programs work can save you money on your health care c
  10. If you are a senior on Medicare, you probably already know that it does not provide all the health insurance coverage you need — this is where a Medicare supplement plan, also sometimes referred to as Medicare gap coverage, comes in. There are many different plans of gap coverage you can purchase to help supplement the medical expenses Medicare will not cover. What Medicare Does Not Cover What you may not know about Medicare is that prescription benefits are suspended after you reach a certain dollar amount. This is referred to as the “Medicare donut hole.” After you reach your deducti
  11. Trying to find the best health insurance can be a confusing process. There are several criteria to keep in mind when you make your decision including financial strength, customer service ratings, claims service, plan prices, policy offerings, coverage benefits, and provider choices. There is no one “best” health insurance company, but the best one for you will depend on the type of health insurance you need, your budget, and what is available in your area. Many health insurers offer the option of a Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) or Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plan. An HMO
  12. With individual health insurance premiums averaging about $393 per month in the United States in 2017, many people may be left wondering if affordable health insurance plans exist. Currently, the cheapest health insurance you can get is Medicaid, because it provides free or low-cost coverage to those who qualify. If you need coverage but don’t meet the qualifications for Medicaid, don’t panic. You may have other options for cheap health insurance. However, take caution before you sign up for any plan, warns health care expert Shelby George, senior vice president of Advisor Services at Ma
  13. Best Health Insurance Companies When shopping on eHealth, you have the advantage of variety. Instead of searching health insurance companies one by one, and then comparing plans available from the company you choose, you get to compare and see free quotes from different health insurance companies and plans all in one place. In addition to having access to the largest private online Marketplace for health insurance, you can rest assured that you’re seeing plans from the best health insurance companies out there. Health care needs are incredibly specific to individuals, families, and sm
  14. International Vision and Dental Coverage Vision Included in the Platinum plan; Optional on other plans Included at 100% for the Platinum plan with Vision and Dental module, limits on other plans Rider Available for select plan options Dental Included in the Platinum plan; Emergency included on all other plans, non-emergency optional on all other options Accidental included; Comprehens
  15. Preventive and Office Visits Doctor Visits Included; subject to deductible, no waiting periods Included; subject to deductible if elected, no waiting periods Included; deductible waived, no waiting periods Prescription Medication Inpatient: Included Outpatient: coverage varies by plan level Inpatient: Included Outpatient: $500, $2,000, or Paid in Full
  16. Hospitalization and Maternity Benefits Hospitalization Semi-private or private rooms, depending on plan Semi-private or private rooms, depending on plan Included Intensive Care Included Included Included Maternity Included in Platinum plan after 10 month waiting period ($2500 additional deductible and $50,000 maximum lifeti
  17. When living abroad for an extended period (1 year or more), make sure you have the best health coverage possible to insure you and your family should you need medical care. Below you can review and compare global health insurance plans. The companies compared below offer comprehensive worldwide annually renewable health insurance tailored to the needs of expatriates, global nomads or international citizens. We have selected highly rated insurers with excellent customer service, 24/7 emergency assistance and the most extensive network of doctors and healthcare facilities. We offer three plans;
  18. Prevention includes a wide range of activities — known as “interventions” — aimed at reducing risks or threats to health. You may have heard researchers and health experts talk about three categories of prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary. What do they mean by these terms? Primary prevention Primary prevention aims to prevent disease or injury before it ever occurs. This is done by preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease or injury, altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours that can lead to disease or injury, and increasing resistance to disease or injury should exposu
  19. Programs for individuals with Severe and Persistent Mental Illnesses (SPMI) requiring tertiary care should be informed by principles of psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) with sophisticated medication management and behavioural interventions. In summary, PSR is a therapeutic approach to the care of mentally ill individuals that encourages each person to develop his or her fullest capacity through learning procedures and environmental supports. PSR approaches have been implemented in various tertiary care settings. One application, developed by Lieberman and others, consists of a series of psych
  20. Consumer Profile Most individuals with Severe and Persistent Mental Illnesses (SPMI) can function effectively in community-based service systems with access to general hospital psychiatric units. However, several authors have identified patient characteristics that interfere with placement in community settings and may indicate a need for tertiary care (1-3). The most common behaviours are aggressiveness, noncompliance with medication, danger to selfand/or others, or inappropriate sexual behaviour. Other problems include incontinence, fire risk, suicidal risk, substance abuse, stealing, urinat
  21. There are some individuals with severe andpersistent mental illnesses who cannot be managed by primary and secondary services and who require tertiary care. Such clients are characterized by aggressiveness, noncompliance with medication, and dangerousness. Tertiary care program elements include psychosocial rehabilitation, sophisticated medication management, and behavioural approaches. Tertiary care may be delivered through assertive community treatment and/or specialized outreach teams, community residential programs, or hospitalbased services. Increasingly, organized systems have been devel
  22. There are some individuals with severe and persistent mental illnesses who cannot be managed by primary and secondary services and who require tertiary care. Such clients are characterized by aggressiveness, noncompliance with medication, and dangerousness. Tertiary care program elements include psychosocial rehabilitation, sophisticated medication management, and behavioural approaches. Tertiary care may be delivered through assertive community treatment and/or specialized outreach teams, community residential programs, or hospital-based services. Increasingly, organized systems have been dev
  23. Secondary care Secondary care includes acute care: necessary treatment for a short period of time for a brief but serious illness, injury, or other health condition. This care is often found in a hospital emergency department. Secondary care also includes skilled attendance during childbirth, intensive care, and medical imaging services. The term "secondary care" is sometimes used synonymously with "hospital care." However, many secondary care providers, such as psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, occupational therapists, most dental specialties or physiotherapists do not necessar
  24. Medical professionals frequently talk about levels of care. They're divided into the categories of primary care, secondary care, tertiary care, and quaternary care. Each level is related to the complexity of the medical cases being treated as well as the skills and specialties of the providers. Since you sometimes hear these words as a patient, their definitions can help you better understand exactly what doctors, nurses, and other medical staff are referring to. It can help you navigate the medical system and recognize the level of care you're receiving Secondary Care Spe
  25. Tertiary care is healthcare provided in specialist centres. Consultants in tertiary care centres may have access to more specialised equipment and expertise for your condition. Referrals to tertiary services are usually made by your GP or the care professionals at your local hospital. You may find you have to travel some distance to reach a tertiary care centre. The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in London is an example of a tertiary care centre.
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