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  2. With modern-day technological advancements in the field of medicine and treatment, the impact of diseases has been tamed down to minimal level. In the past, we have seen evidence of diseases eliminating half of the population of an entire continent, but scenarios have changed. But still, with these technological advancements, modern-day medicine proves to be the second fiddle in the treatment of some diseases to ancient medical wisdom embedded in Naturopathy. While a major chunk of people in the world defines it as useless, very significant proportions have been highly benefitted with naturopathy. There are numerous methodologies and techniques which comprise entire naturopathies- such as Mud therapy, Acupuncture therapy or Yoga therapy, etc. Read more
  3. United Kingdom The nature of devolution in the United Kingdom meant that each of the four countries of the UK had its own response to COVID-19 with different rules and restrictions at different times and the UK government, on behalf of England, moving more quickly to lift restrictions. Prior to 18 March 2020, the UK government did not impose any form of social distancing or mass quarantine measures and was criticised for a perceived lack of intensity in its response to concerns faced by the public. On 16 March, Prime Minister Boris Johnson advised against non-essential travel and social contact, suggesting people work from home and avoid venues such as pubs, restaurants, and theatres. On 20 March, the government announced all leisure establishments such as pubs and gyms were to close as soon as possible, and promised to pay up to 80 percent of workers' wages to a limit of £2,500 per month to prevent unemployment. On 23 March, the prime minister announced tougher social distancing measures, banning gatherings of more than two people and restricting travel and outdoor activity to that deemed strictly necessary. Unlike previous measures, these restrictions were enforceable by police through fines and dispersal of gatherings. Most businesses were ordered to close, with exceptions for those deemed "essential", including supermarkets, pharmacies, banks, hardware shops, petrol stations, and garages. On 24 April it was reported that one of the more promising vaccine trials had begun in England; the government pledged more than 50 million pounds towards research. To ensure UK health services had sufficient capacity to treat people with COVID-19, a number of temporary critical care hospitals were built. The first to be operational was the 4000-bed capacity NHS Nightingale Hospital London, constructed within the ExCeL convention centre over nine days. On 4 May, it was announced that the Nightingale Hospital in London would be placed on standby and remaining patients transferred to other facilities; Nightingale had "treated 51 patients" in the first three weeks it was open. On 5 May, official figures revealed Britain had the worst COVID-19 death toll in Europe, prompting calls for an inquiry into the handling of the pandemic. The death toll in the United Kingdom was nearly 29,427 (of those who tested positive for the virus). Later, it was calculated at 32,313, after taking the official death count for Scotland and Northern Ireland into account. On 16 April it was reported that the UK would have first access to the Oxford vaccine, due to a prior contract; should the trial be successful, some 30 million doses in the UK would be available. wikipedia.org
  4. United States On 20 January 2020, the first known case of COVID-19 was confirmed in the Pacific Northwest state of Washington in a man who returned from Wuhan on 15 January. On 31 January, the Trump administration declared a public health emergency. On 28 January, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced they had developed their own testing kit. The United States had a slow start in testing, which obscured the extent of the outbreak, marred by defective tests produced by the government in February, lack of federal approval for non-government kits, and restrictive criteria for people to qualify for a test. By 2 March there were 80 confirmed cases, half of them in California. Florida and New York had declared their first two cases and the state of Washington reported many suspected cases and the first death. Vice President Mike Pence maintained that the threat of the virus spreading throughout the U.S. was small. On 6 March, President Trump signed the Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act, which provided $8.3 billion in emergency funding for federal agencies to respond to the outbreak. Corporations encouraged employees to work from home. Sports events and seasons were cancelled. On 13 March, Trump declared a national emergency, which made federal funds available to respond to the crisis. Beginning on 15 March, many businesses closed or reduced hours and schools across the country were shutting down. By 17 March, the epidemic was confirmed in all fifty states and the District of Columbia. On 26 March, the United States had more confirmed cases than any other country. U.S. federal health inspectors surveyed 323 hospitals in late March; reporting "severe shortages" of test supplies, "widespread shortages" of personal protective equipment (PPE), and other strained resources due to extended patient stays while awaiting test results. On 22 April, it was reported that two Californians had died from the virus (not, as previously thought, influenza) on 6 and 17 February, three weeks before the first official COVID-19 death in the U.S. had been acknowledged. By 24 April, 889,309 cases had been confirmed and 50,256 people had died. As of 17 May, according to a New York Times database, more than 1,474,600 people had been infected and at least 88,600 had died. The Times said that prior to 29 April only deaths confirmed through testing were reported, but new criteria included probable cases and deaths. As of 17 May, the U.S., with about 4.25 percent of the world's population, had about 29 percent of the confirmed coronavirus deaths. The White House was criticised for downplaying the threat and controlling messaging, directing health officials and scientists to coordinate public statements with the office of Vice-President Pence. On 14 April, President Trump halted funding to the World Health Organization (WHO), saying they mismanaged the pandemic. On 1 May the CDC presented a 17-page report to the administration, written to provide advice for faith leaders, places of business and other public places, educators, and state and local officials as they reopened. The White House refused to use the report, and Trump said he felt the guidelines were too restrictive, commenting "I see the new normal being what it was three months ago. I think we want to go back to where it was." By mid-May reports of new cases began to level off and most states began to open restaurants and other businesses, placing limits on the numbers of people allowed in at one time. The head of the NIAID, Anthony Fauci, warned that if caution was not used the rate of infections could rebound and he was particularly concerned about opening the schools in the fall. President Trump expressed disapproval of Fauci's statements, saying "To me it's not an acceptable answer, especially when it comes to schools." By mid-June, new cases began to rise again, with increases in the percent of positive tests and number of hospitalizations in states such as Texas, California, Florida, and Arizona. On 12 July, almost 6 months after the first case was recognised in the U.S., the highest single day case record of 15,300 infections was recorded in Florida. On 6 July 2020, President Trump's administration sent a notice to United Nations Secretary General António Guterres that they would withdraw from the World Health Organization, effective 6 July 2021, under the terms of a joint resolution passed by Congress in 1948 which requires the U.S. to give one-year notice and clear its debts to leave the WHO. wikipedia.org
  5. Prevention Face masks and respiratory hygiene The CDC and WHO recommend individuals wear non-medical face coverings in public settings where there is an increased risk of transmission and where social distancing measures are difficult to maintain. This recommendation is meant to reduce the spread of the disease by asymptomatic and pre-symtomatic individuals and is complementary to established preventive measures such as social distancing. Face coverings limit the volume and travel distance of expiratory droplets dispersed when talking, breathing, and coughing. Many countries and local jurisdictions encourage or mandate the use of face masks or cloth face coverings by members of the public to limit the spread of the virus. Masks are also strongly recommended for those who may have been infected and those taking care of someone who may have the disease. When not wearing a mask, the CDC recommends covering the mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing and recommends using the inside of the elbow if no tissue is available. Proper hand hygiene after any cough or sneeze is encouraged. Healthcare professionals interacting directly with COVID-19 patients are advised to use respirators at least as protective as NIOSH-certified N95 or equivalent, in addition to other personal protective equipment. Self-isolation Self-isolation at home has been recommended for those diagnosed with COVID-19 and those who suspect they have been infected. Health agencies have issued detailed instructions for proper self-isolation. Many governments have mandated or recommended self-quarantine for entire populations. The strongest self-quarantine instructions have been issued to those in high risk groups. Those who may have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 and those who have recently travelled to a country or region with the widespread transmission have been advised to self-quarantine for 14 days from the time of last possible exposure. Surface cleaning Surfaces may be decontaminated with a number of solutions (within one minute of exposure to the disinfectant for a stainless steel surface), including 62–71 percent ethanol, 50–100 percent isopropanol, 0.1 percent sodium hypochlorite, 0.5 percent hydrogen peroxide, and 0.2–7.5 percent povidone-iodine. Other solutions, such as benzalkonium chloride and chlorhexidine gluconate, are less effective. Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation may also be used. The CDC recommends that if a COVID-19 case is suspected or confirmed at a facility such as an office or day care, all areas such as offices, bathrooms, common areas, shared electronic equipment like tablets, touch screens, keyboards, remote controls, and ATM machines used by the ill persons should be disinfected. Ventilation and air filtration The CDC recommends ventilation in public spaces to help clear out infectious aerosols, as well several others, including those regarding air filtration, however doctors have been cautious about recommending air filtration due to the potentially very small size of virus particles, despite some filters labelled to remove viruses to the 5-micron level. In July, researchers at the University of Houston said they had designed a filter using nickel foam which used heat to kill the virus. Some experts have recommended UV light inside HVAC systems. Vaccine A COVID‑19 vaccine is a biotechnology intended to provide acquired immunity against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). In July 2020, 218 vaccine candidates were in development, although no candidate has completed clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy. In July, 24 vaccine candidates were announced or undergoing clinical trials, with two beginning Phase III and seven in Phase I-II. wikipedia.org
  6. Prevention Strategies for preventing transmission of the disease include maintaining overall good personal hygiene, washing hands, avoiding touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands, and coughing or sneezing into a tissue, and putting the tissue directly into a waste container. Those who may already have the infection have been advised to wear a surgical mask in public. Physical distancing measures are also recommended to prevent transmission. Health care providers taking care of someone who may be infected are recommended to use standard precautions, contact precautions, and eye protection. Many governments have restricted or advised against all non-essential travel to and from areas affected by the outbreak. The virus has already spread within communities in large parts of the world, with many not knowing where or how they were infected. Misconceptions are circulating about how to prevent infection; for example, rinsing the nose and gargling with mouthwash are not effective. There is no COVID-19 vaccine, though many organisations are working to develop one. Hand washing Hand washing is recommended to prevent the spread of the disease. The CDC recommends that people wash hands often with soap and water for at least twenty seconds, especially after going to the toilet or when hands are visibly dirty; before eating; and after blowing one's nose, coughing, or sneezing. This is because outside the human body, the virus is killed by household soap, which bursts its protective bubble. CDC further recommended using an alcohol-based hand sanitiser with at least 60 percent alcohol by volume when soap and water are not readily available. The WHO advises people to avoid touching the eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands. It is not clear whether washing hands with ash, if soap is not available, is effective at reducing the spread of viral infections. Social distancing Social distancing (also known as physical distancing) includes infection control actions intended to slow the spread of disease by minimising close contact between individuals. Methods include quarantines; travel restrictions; and the closing of schools, workplaces, stadiums, theatres, or shopping centres. Individuals may apply social distancing methods by staying at home, limiting travel, avoiding crowded areas, using no-contact greetings, and physically distancing themselves from others. Many governments are now mandating or recommending social distancing in regions affected by the outbreak. Non-cooperation with distancing measures in some areas has contributed to the further spread of the pandemic. The maximum gathering size recommended by U.S. government bodies and health organisations was swiftly reduced from 250 people (if there were no known COVID-19 spread in a region) to 50 people, and later to 10. On 22 March 2020, Germany banned public gatherings of more than two people. A Cochrane review found that early quarantine with other public health measures are effective in limiting the pandemic, but the best manner of adopting and relaxing policies are uncertain, as local conditions vary. Older adults and those with underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, hypertension, and compromised immune systems face increased risk of serious illness and complications and have been advised by the CDC to stay home as much as possible in areas of community outbreak. In late March 2020, the WHO and other health bodies began to replace the use of the term "social distancing" with "physical distancing", to clarify that the aim is to reduce physical contact while maintaining social connections, either virtually or at a distance. The use of the term "social distancing" had led to implications that people should engage in complete social isolation, rather than encouraging them to stay in contact through alternative means. Some authorities have issued sexual health guidelines for the pandemic, which include recommendations to have sex only with someone you live with, and who does not have the virus or symptoms of the virus. wikipedia.org
  7. Diagnosis COVID-19 can provisionally be diagnosed on the basis of symptoms and confirmed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing of infected secretions or CT imaging of the chest. Viral testing The standard test for current infection with SARS-CoV-2 uses RNA testing of respiratory secretions collected using a nasopharyngeal swab, though it is possible to test other samples. This test uses real-time rRT-PCR which detects the presence of viral RNA fragments. A number of laboratories and companies have developed serological tests, which detect antibodies produced by the body in response to infection. Several have been evaluated by Public Health England and approved for use in the UK. On 22 June 2020, UK health secretary Matt Hancock announced the country would conduct a new "spit test" for COVID-19 on 14,000 key workers and their families in Southampton, having them spit in a pot, which was collected by Southampton University, with results expected within 48 hours. Hancock said the test was easier than using swabs, and could enable people to conduct it at home. Imaging Characteristic imaging features on chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) of people who are symptomatic include asymmetric peripheral ground-glass opacities without pleural effusions. Many groups have created COVID-19 datasets that include imagery such as the Italian Radiological Society which has compiled an international online database of imaging findings for confirmed cases. Due to overlap with other infections such as adenovirus, imaging without confirmation by rRT-PCR is of limited specificity in identifying COVID-19. A large study in China compared chest CT results to PCR and demonstrated that though imaging is less specific for the infection, it is faster and more sensitive. wikipedia.org
  8. Cause Transmission COVID‑19 is a new disease, and many of the details of its spread are still under investigation. It spreads easily between people—easier than influenza but not as easily as measles. People are most infectious when they show symptoms (even mild or non-specific symptoms), but may be infectious for up to two days before symptoms appear (pre-symptomatic transmission). They remain infectious an estimated seven to twelve days in moderate cases and an average of two weeks in severe cases. People can also transmit the virus without showing any symptom (asymptomatic transmission), but it is unclear how often this happens. A June 2020 review found that 40–45% of infected people are asymptomatic. COVID-19 spreads primarily when people are in close contact and one person inhales small droplets produced by an infected person (symptomatic or not) coughing, sneezing, talking, or singing. The WHO recommends 1 metre (3 ft) of social distance; the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends 2 metres (6 ft). Transmission may also occur through aerosols, smaller droplets that are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time. Experimental results show the virus can survive in aerosol up to three hours. Some outbreaks have also been reported in crowded and inadequately ventilated indoor locations where infected persons spend long periods of time (such as restaurants and nightclubs). Aerosol transmission in such locations has not been ruled out. Some medical procedures performed on COVID-19 patients in health facilities can generate those smaller droplets, and result in the virus being transmitted more easily than normal. When the contaminated droplets fall to floors or surfaces they can, though less commonly, remain infectious if people touch contaminated surfaces and then their eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands. On surfaces the amount of viable active virus decreases over time until it can no longer cause infection, and surfaces are thought not to be the main way the virus spreads. It is unknown what amount of virus on surfaces is required to cause infection via this method, but it can be detected for up to four hours on copper, up to one day on cardboard, and up to three days on plastic (polypropylene) and stainless steel (AISI 304). Surfaces are easily decontaminated with household disinfectants which destroy the virus outside the human body or on the hands. Disinfectants or bleach are not a treatment for COVID‑19, and cause health problems when not used properly, such as when used inside the human body. Sputum and saliva carry large amounts of virus. Although COVID‑19 is not a sexually transmitted infection, direct contact such as kissing, intimate contact, and fecal–oral routes are suspected to transmit the virus. The virus may occur in breast milk, but it's unknown whether it's infectious and transmittable to the baby. Estimates of the number of people infected by one person with COVID-19, the R0, have varied. The WHO's initial estimates of R0 were 1.4–2.5 (average 1.95), however an early April 2020 review found the basic R0 (without control measures) to be higher at 3.28 and the median R0 to be 2.79. Virology Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2) is a novel virus, first isolated from three people with pneumonia connected to the cluster of acute respiratory illness cases in Wuhan. All features of the novel SARS‑CoV‑2 virus occur in related coronaviruses in nature. SARS‑CoV‑2 is closely related to SARS‑CoV, and is thought to have a zoonotic origin. SARS‑CoV‑2 genetically clusters with the genus Betacoronavirus, and is 96 percent identical at the whole genome level to other bat coronavirus samples and 92 percent identical to pangolin coronavirus. wikipedia.org
  9. Signs and symptoms The usual incubation period (the time between infection and symptom onset) ranges from one to 14 days, and is most commonly five days. Some infected people have no symptoms, known as asymptomatic or presymptomatic carriers; transmission from such a carrier is considered possible. As at 6 April, estimates of the asymptomatic ratio range widely from 5 to 80 percent. Symptoms of COVID-19 can be relatively non-specific; the two most common symptoms are fever (88 percent) and dry cough (68 percent). Less common symptoms include fatigue, respiratory sputum production (phlegm), loss of the sense of smell, loss of taste, shortness of breath, muscle and joint pain, sore throat, headache, chills, vomiting, coughing out blood, diarrhea, and rash. Among those who develop symptoms, approximately one in five may become more seriously ill and have difficulty breathing. Emergency symptoms include difficulty breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, sudden confusion, difficulty waking, and bluish face or lips; immediate medical attention is advised if these symptoms are present. Further development of the disease can lead to complications including pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, septic shock, and kidney failure. wikipedia.org
  10. Hiking is one of the sports, passions, and hobbies. Most people do hiking because they love it. Hiking is a great way to visit places, enjoy sights, and keep you physically fit. Most people do hiking for short trails but some also do it for long trails. There are various other factors involved with hiking. Weather, temperature, trail type, and trail length are some of them. Hiking also burns calories just like other exercises such as running and walking. Consuming healthy foods such as mushroom broth and doing exercise may give various health benefits. In this article, we will discuss how many calories hiking burns and what are its effects on weight loss. Carry These Items with You: Some hiking trails are adventurous. You should keep all the necessary things with you on the trail. Here are some of the items that you should carry. A backpack. Food. prefer food products that are easy to carry such as grass fed beef bone broth. First aid kit. Multi tool kit. Navigation Tools Water Rope These are just some essential tools but before going to hiking, analyze carefully and take things with you which you may need. Hiking Burn Calories: How many calories hiking burns it depends on various factors including your weight, type of trail, time of hiking, speed of hiking, and various others. But in simple words, hiking burn calories and keep you physically fit. Benefits of Hiking: There are various benefits of hiking. Hiking is good for physical health as it almost moves every muscle of your body. It is good for brain health. It improves breathing. It is effective for weight loss as it burns a good amount of calories. It reduces anxiety levels as you breathe fresh air and see beautiful sights. It improves mood. It triggers a feeling of calmness. According to various researches, hiking is much better than other indoor exercises including running on a treadmill. Hiking generates more effective results than other indoor exercises.
  11. Epidemiology Deaths Most people who contract COVID-19 recover. For those who do not, the time between the onset of symptoms and death usually ranges from 6 to 41 days, typically about 14 days. As of 30 July 2020, approximately 664,000 deaths had been attributed to COVID-19. In China, as of 14 June, about 80 percent of deaths were recorded in those aged over 60, and 75 percent had pre-existing health conditions including cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Obese individuals are at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19. The first confirmed death was in Wuhan on 9 January 2020. The first death outside of China occurred on 1 February in the Philippines, and the first death outside Asia was in France on 14 February. Official deaths from COVID-19 generally refer to people who died after testing positive according to protocols. This may ignore deaths of people who die without having been tested. Conversely, deaths of people who had underlying conditions may lead to overcounting. Comparison of statistics for deaths for all causes versus the seasonal average indicates excess mortality in many countries. In the worst affected areas, mortality has been several times higher than average. In New York City, deaths have been four times higher than average, in Paris twice as high, and in many European countries, deaths have been on average 20 to 30 percent higher than normal. This excess mortality may include deaths due to strained healthcare systems and bans on elective surgery. Multiple measures are used to quantify mortality. These numbers vary by region and over time, influenced by testing volume, healthcare system quality, treatment options, government response, time since the initial outbreak, and population characteristics, such as age, sex, and overall health. Some countries (like Belgium) include deaths from suspected cases of COVID-19, regardless of whether the person was tested, resulting in higher numbers compared to countries that include only test-confirmed cases. The death-to-case ratio reflects the number of deaths attributed to COVID-19 divided by the number of diagnosed cases within a given time interval. Based on Johns Hopkins University statistics, the global death-to-case ratio is 3.9 percent (664,748 deaths for 16,940,174 cases) as of 30 July 2020. The number varies by region. Other measures include the case fatality rate (CFR), which reflects the percentage of diagnosed people who die from a disease, and the infection fatality rate (IFR), which reflects the percentage of infected (diagnosed and undiagnosed) who die from a disease. These statistics are not timebound and follow a specific population from infection through case resolution. Our World in Data states that as of 25 March 2020 the IFR cannot be accurately calculated as neither the total number of cases nor the total deaths, is known. In February the Institute for Disease Modeling estimated the IFR as 0.94 percent (95-percent confidence interval 0.37–2.9), based on data from China. The University of Oxford's Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) estimated a global CFR of 0.8 to 9.6 percent (last revised 30 April) and IFR of 0.10 percent to 0.41 percent (last revised 2 May), acknowledging that this will vary between populations due to differences in demographics. The CDC estimates for planning purposes that the fatality rate among those who are symptomatic is 1.1 percent and that 40 percent of infected individuals are asymptomatic, for an overall infection fatality rate of 0.65 percent (0.5 to 0.8 percent). Duration On 11 March 2020, the WHO said the pandemic could be controlled. The peak and ultimate duration of the outbreak are uncertain and may differ by location. Maciej Boni of Penn State University said, "Left unchecked, infectious outbreaks typically plateau and then start to decline when the disease runs out of available hosts. But it's almost impossible to make any sensible projection right now about when that will be." The Imperial College study led by Neil Ferguson stated that physical distancing and other measures will be required "until a vaccine becomes available (potentially 18 months or more)". William Schaffner of Vanderbilt University said because the coronavirus is "so readily transmissible", it "might turn into a seasonal disease, making a comeback every year". The virulence of the comeback would depend on herd immunity and the extent of mutation. wikipedia.org
  12. Epidemiology Background On 31 December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) detected reports of a cluster of viral pneumonia cases of unknown cause in Wuhan, Hubei, and an investigation was launched at the start of January 2020. On 30 January, the WHO declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)—7,818 cases confirmed globally, affecting 19 countries in five WHO regions. Several early infected people had visited Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market; the virus is therefore thought to be of zoonotic origin. The virus that caused the outbreak is known as SARS‑CoV‑2, a newly discovered virus closely related to bat coronaviruses, pangolin coronaviruses, and SARS-CoV. The scientific consensus is that COVID-19 has a natural origin. The probable bat-to-human infection may have been among people processing bat carcasses and guano in the production of traditional Chinese medicines. The earliest known person with symptoms was later discovered to have fallen ill on 1 December 2019, and that person did not have visible connections with the later wet market cluster. Of the early cluster of cases reported that month, two-thirds were found to have a link with the market. On 13 March 2020, an unverified report from the South China Morning Post suggested a case traced back to 17 November 2019 (a 55-year-old from Hubei) may have been the first person infected. The WHO recognised the spread of COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020 as Italy, Iran, South Korea, and Japan reported surging numbers of cases. The number of cases outside China quickly surpassed the number of cases inside China. Cases Official case counts refer to the number of people who have been tested for COVID-19 and whose test has been confirmed positive according to official protocols. As of 24 May, countries that publicised their testing data have typically performed many tests equal to 2.6 percent of their population, while no country has tested samples equal to more than 17.3 percent of its population. Many countries, early on, had official policies to not test those with only mild symptoms. An analysis of the early phase of the outbreak up to 23 January estimated 86 percent of COVID-19 infections had not been detected, and that these undocumented infections were the source for 79 percent of documented cases. Several other studies, using a variety of methods, have estimated that numbers of infections in many countries are likely to be considerably greater than the reported cases. On 9 April 2020, preliminary results found that 15 percent of people tested in Gangelt, the centre of a major infection cluster in Germany, tested positive for antibodies. Screening for COVID-19 in pregnant women in New York City, and blood donors in the Netherlands, has also found rates of positive antibody tests that may indicate more infections than reported. Seroprevalence based estimates are conservative as some studies shown that persons with mild symptoms do not have detectable antibodies. Some results (such as the Gangelt study) have received substantial press coverage without first passing through peer review. Analysis by age in China indicates that a relatively low proportion of cases occur in individuals under 20. It is not clear whether this is because young people are less likely to be infected, or less likely to develop serious symptoms and seek medical attention and be tested. A retrospective cohort study in China found that children were as likely to be infected as adults. Countries that test more, relative to the number of deaths, have a younger age distribution of cases, relative to the wider population. Initial estimates of the basic reproduction number (R0) for COVID-19 in January were between 1.4 and 2.5, but a subsequent analysis concluded that it may be about 5.7 (with a 95 percent confidence interval of 3.8 to 8.9). R0 can vary across populations and is not to be confused with the effective reproduction number (commonly just called R), which takes into account effects such as social distancing and herd immunity. By mid-May 2020, the effective R was close to or below 1.0 in many countries, meaning the spread of the disease in these areas at that time was stable or decreasing. wikipedia.org
  13. The COVID‑19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‑CoV‑2). The outbreak was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March. As of 30 July 2020, more than 16.9 million cases of COVID‑19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 664,000 deaths; more than 9.89 million people have recovered. The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact, most often via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, and talking. The droplets usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than travelling through air over long distances. Transmission may also occur through smaller droplets that are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time. Less commonly, people may become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face. It is most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is possible before symptoms appear, and from people who do not show symptoms. Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, and loss of sense of smell. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The time from exposure to onset of symptoms is typically around five days but may range from two to fourteen days. There is no known vaccine or specific antiviral treatment. Primary treatment is symptomatic and supportive therapy. Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, wearing a face mask in public settings, disinfecting surfaces, increasing ventilation and air filtration indoors, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. Authorities worldwide have responded by implementing travel restrictions, lockdowns, workplace hazard controls, and facility closures. Many places have also worked to increase testing capacity and trace contacts of infected persons. The pandemic has caused global social and economic disruption, including the largest global recession since the Great Depression and global famines affecting 265 million people. It has led to the postponement or cancellation of sporting, religious, political, and cultural events, widespread supply shortages exacerbated by panic buying, and decreased emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases. Schools, universities, and colleges have been closed either on a nationwide or local basis in 161 countries, affecting approximately 98.6 percent of the world's student population. Misinformation about the virus has circulated through social media and mass media. There have been incidents of xenophobia and discrimination against Chinese people and against those perceived as being Chinese or as being from areas with high infection rates. wikipedia.org
  14. You will only get life for once. You should stay happy in your life. Some people are depressed due to various reasons in their life. Some are not happy with their relations and some are facing financial problems. This can cause depression. Depression can extract every drop of happiness from your life. It can also destroy your relations and it can also harm your health. You should stay happy and enjoy a healthy life by eating healthy foods. In this article, we will discuss some tips to stay healthy. Smile: What is a smile? When you are happy, you smile. But there is also another fact about the smile. A smile can make you happy. The brain releases a neurotransmitter named dopamine when you smile, this can give you pleasure and makes you happy. This doesn’ mean always put a fake smile on your face. When you are depressed or sad try to smile with a reason. Read a joke or watch a movie clip and see the results. Don’t think of the thing which is making you sad, it will make you sadder. Exercise Regularly: Exercise is very important for you. It not only keeps you fit but it reduces anxiety, stress, and depression. Regular exercise can also make you happy by boosting self-esteem. Daily exercise includes walking, high-intensity exercise, yoga, or others. Doing exercise with a buddy may result in extra benefits. Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep is very important to refresh the body and give it time to rest. Without an adequate amount of sleep, you may get sick and suffer long term health problems. Sleeping is also important for proper brain functioning and good health. A minimum of 8 hours of sleep is required for the body to reset itself and remove all toxins from the body. This can keep you healthy, active, and happy. Eat Healthy Foods: Foods play an important role in your life. Foods are directly linked to health and happiness. If you eat healthily and nutrients rich food this will keep your internal organs fit and you will feel relaxed. You can also kickstart your day with protein coffee made by coffee sticks. Coffee can also improve your mood.
  15. There is a great difference between men’s and women’s health. A healthy lifestyle plays an important role in your health. Follow basic health tips and avoid eating junk foods. Replace unhealthy foods in your diet with healthy ones such as mushroom broth. In this article, we will discuss some tips to improve men’s health. Consult Your Doctor: Men usually don’t visit the doctor when their health is disturbed. Monitor your weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol regularly. Excess weight, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol levels can cause various health problems. Check your health regularly and consult a doctor if see any change. Eat Natural Foods: Natural foods are a great source of vitamins, minerals, and various other healthy nutrients. While processed foods are not as nutritious as natural and they also contain various unhealthy compounds. Limit eating processed foods. Instead of these consume natural and nutrients rich foods. Here are some foods which you can consume: Fresh vegetables Fresh fruits Fiber-rich foods Protein-rich foods such as grass fed beef bone broth or poultry etc. Fish Maintain a Healthy Waist: Below 40 is an average waist if your waist is more than that it’s an alarming situation. More waist means you have gained more weight. Increased weight can increase the risk of various fatal diseases including stroke and heart attack. Increased waist can also increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. You can shed extra pounds by cutting calories and consuming foods that increase muscle mass instead of carbohydrates. Avoid Unhealthy Habits: Not only food affects your health but lifestyle plays an important role. Your unhealthy lifestyle can increase your weight and cause various health problems. An unhealthy lifestyle includes lesser sleep, no physical activity, and working at night. There are various other lifestyle things that you should keep in mind and follow a healthy lifestyle.
  16. There are various diets that are for various reasons. Detox diets are very common to cleanse the body and remove all the toxins from the body. Detox diets also claim their effects on weight loss just like grass fed beef bone broth. In this article, we will discuss some tips to detox the body. Limit Alcohol: Massive consumption of alcohol is not good for health in any case as 90% of it metabolizes in the liver. Alcohol can be converted into acetaldehyde can cause cancer and the liver eliminates it from the body. Massive consumption of alcohol can create more acetaldehyde and the liver is not able to detox a massive amount of acetaldehyde. This can cause various health problems including scarring and fat buildup in the various organs of the body. It can also increase the risk of inflammation. This will also make your liver unable to function properly. Sleep Properly: Sleeping properly is very important for our body to function properly. An adequate sleep every night gives time to your body to refresh itself. This also helps the natural detoxification of our body. It will give time to your liver to remove toxins for your body which were collected throughout the day. While you sleep your brain refreshes and reorganize itself to boost its functionality again. Poor sleep is linked to short and long term health problems. It can cause fever, tiredness, and focus problems. In the long term, it can cause high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and various complex health problems. At least 8 hours of daily sleep is required for your body to reboot itself completely. Drink Lemonade Diet: Lemonade diet plays an important role for boosting the detoxification process. It is a very simple diet just made by lemon, water, and maple syrup. It removes toxins from the body, improves the health of the liver, and promote digestion. It also has been used for weight loss purpose and it showed very good results.
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  18. Our body needs various vitamins, minerals, and many nutrients to work efficiently. Biotin is one of them. It is a water-soluble vitamin. You should consume it daily as body doesn’t store it. However, biotin deficiency is very rare but its deficiency can cause various health problems. Visit Lonolife for healthy food products. Here are some foods which you can consume to take biotin regularly. Egg Yolks: Eggs are a great source of various nutrients. It contains B vitamins, iron, protein, phosphorus, and various other nutrients. Consuming egg yolk can provide you a various amount of nutrients including biotin. But properly cooked eggs contain a good amount of the nutrients while half-cooked eggs increase the risk of Salmonella poisoning. Legumes: Lentils and other legumes like peas contain numerous micronutrients including fiber, protein, and biotin. Nuts and Seeds: Nuts and seeds are used as healthy snacks and they are packed with protein, unsaturated fats, fiber, and biotin. Not all nuts contain biotin and all other nutrients but all are rich in nutrients. You can enjoy raw nuts and seeds or cooked. They are used to garnish various dishes and used in salad as well. Liver: Organ meats and food items that are made by adding meats are rich in biotin such as bone broth. Certain organs are rich in various nutrients. The liver is rich in biotin. Cooked chicken livers are a great source of biotin. Livers can be consumed cooked or they are also used in making patties. Sweet Potatoes: Sweet potatoes are richer in nutrients than potatoes. They contain carotenoid antioxidants, fiber, various vitamins, biotin, and plenty of minerals. Benefits of Biotin: There are various uses of biotin, here are some of them. It is required to breakdown macronutrients. Promotes nail health. Increase hair length and increase quality. Reduce sugar levels of diabetic patients. Improves the health of breastfeeding mothers. Improves skin health. Conclusion: Biotin deficiency is very rare but it can cause various health problems. Consuming biotin-rich foods can reduce the risk of deficiency.
  19. Banting diet is one of the most effective weight loss diets such as the keto diet. Banting diet was established to treat obesity. It is one of the oldest diet plans but gained popularity in 2013. Banting diet is a low carb diet and high-fat diet to lose weight. This diet reduces carbs to 0 and claims various health benefits such as improved overall health. It claims to revert high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and various other health issues. It boosts your energy levels, burns calories, and promotes weight loss. There are always 2 types of people, one who praises and others criticize. Some adopted this diet and says it is their way of life now. While some say the Banting diet is unsustainable for the long term. In this article, we will discuss the weight loss effects of the Banting Diet. What is Banting Diet? Dr.William Harvey prescribed this diet in 1862 for the first time. There are 2 versions of the diet. The second version that became popular in 2013 is different from the original one. According to the second version, there are four phases of this diet. Observation Restoration Transformation Preservation This diet restricts carbs and offers various food lists and structured meal plans. How to Follow the Banting Diet: A discussed before, there are four phases of this diet. Observation: It’s only for one week and during this phase, you don’t make any modifications. This phase is just to track your response against different foods. Restoration: This phase restores your gut health. This phase is longer than observation and lasts for 2- 12 weeks. Restoration phase duration depends on weight loss goals. Transformation: The transformation phase is the original phase of the banting diet. This phase takes your body in ketosis state where the body starts burning carbs instead of fats. There is no specific duration of the third phase. It lasts when you gain your desired results. The transformation phase also recommends a change in lifestyle and follows an improved one. Preservation: Once you reach your desired weight preservation phase starts and it lasts indefinitely. You need to follow the preservation phase as long as you want to maintain your weight. This is a very relaxable phase with plenty of food items to consume. Conclusion: This diet has potential to shed extra pounds. It is also very easy to follow as it allows you to eat plenty of healthy foods such as grass fed beef bone broth.
  20. Almonds and nuts are a very common food and usually consumed while traveling, talking, watching TV, and reading books. Nuts are a great source of vitamins, minerals, and various other nutrients. Walnuts are used with various recipes. You can garnish various dishes with walnuts and almonds. They can also be consumed with soups and broths i.e. mushroom broth. Walnuts and almonds are also packed with heart-healthy fats. There are various nuts and almost every single one is consumed commonly. Do you wonder which nut is better for you? In this article, we will discuss the benefits of almonds and walnuts. Nutritional Value: Both walnuts and almonds are good for health and rich in nutrients. Both contain calories, protein, fiber, phosphorus, fats, carbs, Vitamin E, and magnesium. Almonds contain more protein, carbs, and fiber than walnuts. While walnuts contain more calories and fats. Potential Benefits: There are various benefits of consuming nuts especially walnuts or almonds. But both have different properties and provides different benefits. Weight Loss: Mostly, nuts contain an adequate amount of fats. While following a weight loss diet, they are not recommended normally. Calories content in nuts is also high. But according to recent studies almonds are not one of them. According to researchers, almonds are not one of them. Almonds are effective to shed extra pounds. Almonds tend to trigger fullness hormones and reduce your hunger. As a result, you will consume fewer calories and shed extra weight. Keto-Friendly Nuts: The keto diet is a low carb diet and usually followed for weight loss and other potential benefits. Keto diet or any other low carb diet, reduce carb intake as low as 25-50 grams. While following a keto diet or low carb diet, you should consume keto-friendly foods such as keto broth. Nuts can also be consumed as snacks as they are low in carbs and high in fiber. Other Benefits: Good for the health of hearts. Improves brain functionality. Control sugar levels in the blood. Conclusion: Nuts are good for overall health. Walnuts and almonds are a great source of healthy nutrients and can be consumed as a healthy snack.
  21. This world is not small. But still, you can find your favorite food in almost every country of the world. Foods of different countries vary as different people prefer different tastes. For instance, the mushroom broth is famous in the United States of America but it may not be very popular in Malaysia. Thai food, Chinese food, Indian food, Japanese, and western foods are favorite one’s throughout the world. In this article, we will discuss health benefits of Thai food. What is Thai Food? As discussed before, Thai food is enjoyed throughout the world. This diet includes various healthy and colorful vegetables, white meat, and red meat. Delicious food is served with lemongrass, rice, and vegetables. There are also some side foods that are included in the food such as galangal and noodles. Spices, herbs, and turmeric are main ingredients. Thai recipes may differ depending on your location. If you are in the United States of America, you may get larger portions with high sugar or salt. Sometimes, more fried items are also included in the meal. Common Ingredients of Thai Food: Ingredients may vary depending on the type of meal. But here are some ingredients that are most commonly used in Thai Foods. Thai ginger. It is different from Indian ginger. Papaya Thai holy basil Tofu Turmeric Seafood Lemongrass Coconut milk Chilli Peppers Bean sprouts Health Benefits of Thai Food: Thai food uses natural ingredients for cooking that makes it beneficial for overall health. Here are some of the potential benefits of Thai food. It provides a good amount of healthy nutrients such as carbs, fats, and protein. Improves overall health. Improves Digestion Aid Weight Loss Limit Consuming These Thai Foods: Some Thai foods are not good for health. Limit consuming these Thai foods to maintain your good health. Thai iced tea Egg rolls Chicken wings Cream cheese wontons Fried tofu Fried pumpkin Conclusion: Thai foods are as nutritious as American foods such as grass fed beef bone broth. But some Thai foods are not good for health also. Choose wisely and stay healthy.
  22. Engine 2 is not a very common diet but still, there are many followers of this diet in the United States of America. It is a diet that promotes plan foods such as fruits, legumes, veggies, and whole grains. It is a diet pattern to improve health and doesn’ focus on fat burning or quick weight loss. As it improves health, this diet can prevent various serious health disorders and protect against chronic diseases. As this diet focus on vegetable food sources, read more about the vegan diet. In this article, we will take a closer look at the engine 2 diet. What is Engine 2 Diet: Rip Esselstyn is the designer of the Engine 2 diet. It is a plant-based diet that is low in fat. It is a plant-based diet and claims protection from chronic diseases by improving overall health. “The Engine 2 Seven-Day Rescue Diet” is the book that provides all the guidelines for the diet plan. Proponents of this diet claim that it is beneficial for adults to maintain their healthy weight, pregnant women, and athletes. This diet promotes eating plant foods that are rich in nutrients. Added oil, sugar, animal products such as meat and milk are prohibited. Engine 2 diet recommends drinking plenty of water, eating nutritious food and regular exercise. Benefits of Engine 2 Diet: Engine 2 diet provides various health benefits including improvement in overall health. Potential benefits may include: Encourage eating nutrients dense foods such as mushroom broth. Prevent eating unhealthy foods Promotes weight loss. Diet is very simple and easy to follow. Conclusion: Engine 2 diet is good for health and prevents various chronic diseases. There are various other potential benefits of the Engine 2 diet. It also promotes weight loss and easy to follow.
  23. Energy drinks are very popular throughout the world. Almost everyone uses it to boost energy levels. It is especially very common in athletes and other sportsmen. They contain ingredients such as sugar, L-taurine, B vitamins, and some others. No doubt energy drinks are effective to boost energy levels but they contain a high amount of sugar and artificial flavors. Both are not good for health. Instead of these energy drinks, you can go for healthy beverages to boost energy levels such as grass fed beef bone broth. In this article, we will know everything about energy drinks. Energy Drinks are Addictive: Energy drinks are addictive. They can show addictive symptoms related to the nervous system, brain, and some other body organs. When you don’ drink, you will feel headaches and depressed. Strong cravings. Unable to control the intake of energy drinks. Irritability and fatigue are also some symptoms. Side Effects of Energy Drinks: Energy drinks may be beneficial but adverse effects are not good for health. You may feel acidic and change in colors of teeth if you are a starter. Your teeth become more prone to teeth related diseases such as tooth decay and cavities. Energy drinks also increase the risk of heart diseases, kidney disorders, and type 2 diabetes. Some energy drinks are costly and can affect you financially. How to Prevent Addiction: Energy drink addiction is very common. You can prevent addiction. There are various ways to prevent addiction. Here are the 2 most common ways. Quit all energy drinks at once. This may result in withdrawal effects as your body is addicted to energy drinks. There is nothing to worry about. There are various ways to control adverse effects. Reduce your intake slowly. You can avoid withdrawal symptoms if you follow this method. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Choose any of the above and stop drinking energy drinks. Alternates to Energy Drinks: You can’t easily skip drinking energy drinks. But by replacing them with healthy beverages it may be more convenient for you. Here are some healthy alternatives. Arabica Coffee Fresh Juices without sugar. Mushroom broth Green tea Conclusion: Energy drinks are not good for health. They may be beneficial but adverse effects are more. Skip drinking energy drinks and start consuming healthy beverages.
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